Zeitgeist - Part III: ... (War)

Under construction

Zeitgeist

World War I: In 1914 European war broke out centered around England and Germany. The American public wanted nothing to do with the war. In turn President Woodrow Wilson publicly declared neutrality.

True

Zeitgeist

However, under the surface the US administration was looking for any excuse it could find to enter.

Mostly Untrue Wilson's public record, and private writings, indicate a geniune interest in staying out of the war which was also reflected by his advisors. Political pressure within and outside the administration began to sway after the sinking of the Lusitania.

Zeitgeist

In another observation by the Secretary of State, William Jennings: “The large banking interests were deeply interested in the world war because of the wide opportunities for large profits.” –William Jennings Bryan

Undetermined Could not verify from an authoritative source.

William Jennings Bryan was strongly opposed to going into war. He resigned in June 1915 following the sinking of the Lusitania over concerns of shifting opinions for war.

Zeitgeist

It's important to understand that the most lucrative thing that can happen for the international bankers is war. For, it forces the country to borrow even more money from the Federal Reserve Bank at interest.

False The Federal Government does not borrow directly money from the Federal Reserve. The government sells debt to the public.

The Federal Reserve will buy previously issued T-Bills from the public to collateralize the money supply. But most of the interest earned on those T-Bills is returned to the Treasury at the end of the year.

International bankers would get any T-Bills they purchased themselves, but they would get virtually nothing from interest off T-Bills owned by the Federal Reserve.

War can be a two-edge sword for banks. It is true that borrowing is increased but so is risk, especially if the borrowers are on the losing side of the war.

Zeitgeist

Woodrow Wilson's top adviser and mentor was Colonel Edward House, the man with the intimate connections with the international bankers who wanted in the war.

True Colonel Edward House was into banking prior to public service. He backed Wilson in his isolationism until after the sinking of the Lusitania when his opinion began to change.

Zeitgeist

In the documented conversation between Colonel House, Wilson's adviser and Sir Edward Grey, the Foreign Secretary of England regarding how to get America into the war, Grey inquired: “What will American do if germans sink an ocean liner with American passengers on board?” House responded: “I believe that a flame of indignation would sweep the United States and that by itself would be sufficient to carry us into war.”

Confirmed See the "Intimate papers of Colonel House" [1]

Zeitgeist

So, on May 7th 1915 on essentially the suggestion of Sir Edward Grey, the ship called the Lusitania was deliberately sent into German controlled waters where German military vessels were known to be. And as expected, German U-boats torpedoed the ship, exploding stored ammunition, killing 1,200 people.

Questionable

  • Re: "…on May 7th 1915… the Lusitania was deliberately sent…" False The Lusitania left port for it's last voyage on May 1st
  • Re: "…essentially the suggestion of Sir Edward Grey…" False The Lusitania had disembarked on its regular transatlantic run with no apparent change in schedule.
  • Re: "…deliberately sent into German controlled waters…" Questionable Though all waters around Great Britain was under threat of German U-boats, the Lusitania took an apparently normal course. The Lusitania was sunk north of Ireland on it's normal course to its destination in southern Ireland.
  • Re: "…German U-boats torpedoed the ship" True
  • Re: "…exploding stored ammunition…" Speculative though this is a common theory that the Lusitania may have contain munitions which led to it sinking faster than it otherwise would have.
  • Re: "…killing 1,200 people…" Essentially true" the offcial count was 1198. Of those, 128 were Americans.

Zeitgeist

To further understand the deliberate nature of this set up: the German embassy actually put advertisements in the New York Times telling people that if they board the Lusitania they did so at their own risk as such a ship sailing from America to England through the war zone would be liable to destruction.

True

Zeitgeist

In turn, and as anticipated, the sinking of the Lusitania caused a wave of anger among the American population.

True

Zeitgeist

And America entered the war a short time after.

False The U.S. declared war on April 6, 1917, almost two years following the sinking of the Lusitania.

Zeitgeist

The First World War cost 323.000 American deaths.

False The more accepted number is 117,000 deaths

(Ref: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_casualties] )

Zeitgeist

J.D.Rockefeller made 200 million dollars off of it.

Underdetermined It is definitely likely J.D. Rockefeller would have profited as he was in war-profiable businesses like mining, banking, and shipping. Could not valid an exact number from a reputable source.

Zeitgeist

That's about 1.9 trillion by today's standards.

False

$200M would be far closer to $3B in todays dollars, not $1.9T.

(Ref: [http://www.westegg.com/inflation/] )

Zeitgeist

Not to mention the war cost about 30 billion dollars for America.

Partly True More accepted numbers are about $22B.

(Ref: [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWcosts.htm] )

Zeitgeist

Most of which was borrowed from the Federal Reserve Bank at interest …

False The government does not borrow directly from the Federal Reserve

Zeitgeist

…furthering the profits of the international bankers.

True Anyone that bought war bonds, include both your average citizen as well as international bankers, profitted from this borrowing.

Zeitgeist

On December 7th, 1941 Japan attacked the American fleet at Pearl Harbor triggering our entry into that war. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared the attack was "a day that will live in infamy".

True

Zeitgeist

A day of infamy indeed, but not because of the alleged surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. After 60 years of surfacing information it is clear that not only was the attack on Pearl Harbor known weeks in advance, it was outright wanted and provoked.

Mostly False This comes from a relatively recent conspiracy theory that FDR knew about and allowed the attack on Pearl Harbor to happen. The details and rebuttal of this theory probably deserves its own article.

In examining the key facts of the theory, this can be determined:

  • FDR was indeed a bit duplicitous on wanting to stay out of war, and having want to help wih the allies
  • The advanced intelligence was correctly interrupted that there would be an attack of some sort
  • An attack on Pearl Harbor was judged as very unlikely by military commanders. It was very distance from Japanese bases and was considered too shallow for air-dropped torpedoes to be effective. (The Japanese modified their airplane torpedoes to work in shallower water)

It would have been more appropriate for the film to indicate that there was a theory that FDR was complicitous regarding the Pearl Harbor attack. But to declare it as a foregone conclusion is simply untrue.

For more info, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl_Harbor_advance-knowledge_debate

Zeitgeist

Roosevelt, whose family had been New York bankers since the 18th century…

Exaggerated The wealthy and prominent Roosevelts had a few bankers in the family tree but it would be wrong to characterize them as a family of bankers

(Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roosevelt_family )

Zeitgeist

…whose uncle Frederick was on the original Federal Reserve Board, was very sympathetic to the interest of the international bankers. a

Mosly True Frederick Delano was indeed a Federal Reserve Board member. But there is no indication he was especially sympathetic to international bankers over domestic bankers. All member banks of the Federal Reserve are domestic as dictated by law.

Zeitgeist

… In a journal entry by Roosevelt's Secretary of War Henry Stimson dated November 25, 1941 he documented a conversation he had with Roosevelt. “The question was how should we maneuver them into firing the first shot… It was desirable to make sure the Japanese be the ones to do this so that there should remain no doubt as to who were the aggressors.” –Henry Stimson, Secretary of War

True Words to this effect were entered into Stimson's diary. The exact meaning and implications have been hotly debated. It would be fair to say that pro-war factions did recognize Americans resistance to war.

Regardless, it is highly doubtful that any pro-war faction would have planned or allowed the 'first shot' by the Japanese to be such a devastating attack that would take months to recover. It defies logic.

Zeitgeist

In the months leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt had done almost everything in his power to anger the Japanese showing the posture of aggression: he halted all of Japan's imports with American petroleum, he froze all of Japanese assets in the United States, He made public loans to Nationalist China and supplied military aid to the British, both enemies of Japan in the war….

True FDR did provide aid to allies, and those opposing the Axis powers. It would be fair to say these were antagonistic actions to the Japanese.

Zeitgeist

And on December 4th, three days before the attack, Australian intelligence told Roosevelt about a Japanese task force moving towards Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt ignored it.

Undetermined

Zeitgeist

… on December 7th, 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor killing 2.400 soldiers.

True

Zeitgeist

Before Pearl Harbor 83% of the American public wanted nothing to do with the war. After Pearl Harbor - one million men volunteered for the war.

Unconfirmed

Zeitgeist

It is important to know, Nazi Germany's war effort was largely supported by two organizations: one of which was called I.G.Farben. I.G.Farben produced 84% of Germany's explosives and even the Zyklon B used in concentration camps to kill millions.

Mostly Confirmed I.G. Farben was a major manufacturer of chemicals including Zyklon B. Have not confirmed statistics.

Zeitgeist

One of the unspoken partners of I.G.Farben was J.D.Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company in America. In fact, the German Air Force could not operate without a special additive patented by Rockefeller's Standard Oil. The drastic bombing of London by Nazi Germany, for example was made possible by a $20 million sale of fuel to I.G.Farben by the Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company. This is just one small point of the topic how American business funded both sides of World War II.

Substantially True In fact, I.G. Farben was the second largest shareholder in Standard Oil, after the Rockefellers. Standard Oil was cited by the State Department for its cooperation with Germany. Ref: [http://web.mit.edu/thistle/www/v13/3/oil.html]

Zeitgeist

One other treasonous organization worth mentioning is the Union Banking Corporation of New York City. Not only did they financed numerous aspects of Hitler's rise to power along with actual materials during the war, it was also a Nazi money-laundering bank which was eventually exposed for having millions of dollars of Nazi money in its vaults. The Union Banking Corporation of New York was eventually seized for violations of the Trading with the enemy Act.

True …UBC assets were frozen in 1940 and seized in 1942

Zeitgeist

Guess who the director and vice president of the Union Bank was? Prescott Bush, our current president's grandfather and of course our former president's father.

True Ref: [http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/sep/25/usa.secondworldwar]

Zeitgeist

Vietnam War
The United States official declaration of war with Vietnam in 1964 came after an alleged incident involving two US destroyers being attacked by the North Vietnamese PT boats in the Gulf of Tonkin.

False The U.S. never declared war in Vietnam.

Zeitgeist

This was known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. This single situation was the catalystic pretext for massive troop deployment and full-fleshed warfare. One problem, however. The attack on the US destroyers by Vietnamese PT boats never happened. It was a completely staged event to have an excuse to enter the war. Former Secretary of Defence Robert McNamara stated years later that the Gulf of Tonkin Incident was a mistake, while many other insiders and officers have come forward relaying that it was a contrived farce and complete lie.

Mostly True …though this paragraph is contradictory; either the event never happened or it was staged, not both.

The gist is generally true. On August 2, 1964, the USS Maddox did have a firefight with torpedo claiming it was attacked. Two days later, another attack was reported on the USS Turner Joy. The severity of the first attack was probably overblown, and an NSA declassified report in 2005 indicated the second attack never happened.

Nonetheless, the alleged incident(s) were used to begin escalating this undeclared war.

Zeitgeist

Once in the war, it was business as usual. In October 1966 President Lyndon Johnson lifted trade restrictions on the Soviet block knowing full well that the Soviets were providing upwards of 80% of North Vietnam war supplies.

Misleading Trade with the Soviet block was for grain.

(CONSTRUCTION STOPPED HERE)

Consequently, the Rockefeller interests financed factories in Soviet Union which the Soviets used to manufacture military equipment and send it to North Vietnam.

However, the funding of both sides in this conflict was only one side of the coin. In 1985 Vietnam's Rules of Engagement were declassified. This detailed what American troops were and were not allowed to do in the war. It included absurdities like:

  • North Vietnamese anti-aircraft missile systems could not be bombed until they were known to be operational
  • No enemy could be pursued once they crossed the border of Laos or Cambodia. And most revealing of all..
  • The most critical strategic targets were not allowed to be attacked unless initiated via high military officials.

Apart from these imposed ludicrous limitations North Vietnam was informed of these restrictions and therefore could based entire strategies around the limitations of the American forces. This is why the war went on so long. And the bottom line is this: the Vietnam War was never meant to be won. Just sustained. This war for profit resulted in 58.000 American deaths and 3 million dead Vietnamese.

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